The date is the edible fruit of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera, L.) a cultivar popularly taken fora tee it is a fleshy fruit, oblong, f rom 4 to 6 cm of lon marked with a longitudinal furrow.is also sometimes called date or Chinese date.On the plan the date is a so-called an oasis, all the strata are exploited to draw a ratio of the fertile soils of this one. Some cultivation, via a conventional date palm agriculture, poses health problems. Synthetic fertilizers and phytosanitary products for intercropping at the herbaceous and shrub layer are also absorbed by date palms and are found in fruit. The treatment against the borer, a parasite of dates, is done by spraying often by plane. The fresh date, when it reaches maturity, is a fragile and delicate fruit to transport. This is partly why it is dried (70% water for the date).
The fresh date, when it reaches maturity, is a fragile and delicate fruit to carry. It is partly for this reason that it is dried (from 70% water for the fresh date it goes to 20%). Its energy value is 287 kcal per 100 grams. It is very rich in sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose). It also contains vitamins (B2, B3, B5 and B6), a small amount of vitamin C as well as mineral salts (potassium and calcium). It is also rich in chrome and fiber.
Dates were the basic ingredient of diaphoenix, a remedy of Western maritime pharmacopoeia in the eighteenth century.
On average, more than 5 million tonnes of dates are harvested worldwide each year2. Egypt is the largest producer, but dates traveling little – 90% of the production is consumed in its country of origin, especially as food.